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03.Glass Bottle Production

Nov 29, 2017

How the bottle factory production:


Broadly, modern glass container factories are three-part operations: the batch house, the hot end, and the cold end. The batch house handles the raw materials; the hot end handles the manufacture proper — the forehearth, annealing ovens, and forming machines; and the cold end handles the product-inspection and -packaging equipment.

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Inspection equipment

Glass containers are 100% inspected; automatic machines, or sometimes persons, inspect every container for a variety of faults.  In the press and blow forming, if a plunger and mould are out of alignment, or heated to an incorrect temperature, the glass will stick to either item and become torn. In addition to rejecting faulty containers, inspection equipment gathers statistical information and relays it to the forming machine operators in the hot end. Computer systems collect fault information and trace it to the mould that produced the container. This is done by reading the mould number on the container, which is encoded (as a numeral, or a binary code of dots) on the container by the mould that made it. Operators carry out a range of checks manually on samples of containers, usually visual and dimensional checks.