The technology for glass beadmaking is among the oldest human arts, which candate back 3,000 years (Dubin, 1987). Glass beads have been dated back to at least Roman times.
Perhaps the earliest glass-like beads were Egyptian faience beads, a form of clay bead with a self-forming vitreous coating. Glass beads are significant in archaeology because the presence of glass beads often indicate that there was trade and that the beadmaking technology was being spread.
In addition, the composition of the glass beads could be analyzed and help archaeologists understand the sources of the beads.